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03/05/2018

History on Iran’s Nuclear Program

Iran’s nuclear program became a central issue on the international community, which follows the disclosure of its two previously unreported nuclear facilities that was on August 2002. Their two facilities which is the uranium enrichment plant located at Natanz as well as the heavy water reactor based on Arak have possible nuclear weapon applications.

Negotiations that were made between Western countries and also by Iran started in August 2002, which failed in producing long term solutions. Following with the made negotiations by the EU-3, which is France, Germany as well as the UK in October 2003, Iran later on agreed on suspending all of their uranium enrichment activities. Also, the EU-3 then acknowledge the nuclear rights of Iran and they promised in supplying Iran with its modern technology after it provided an assurance to the international community about the nature of the nuclear program.

Suspensions on the enrichment activity lasted in June 2005, after on its election of President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad where Iran resumed its uranium enrichment where you could see more here.

For about the same time, EU-3 then offered Iran different benefits as a result of its permanent cessation on its uranium enrichment ad the other activities that are associated with the nuclear weapon applications. As the addition on its unpublished economic and political side, Iras as supposed to be provided with guaranteed supply of nuclear fuel and also an assurance of its non aggression from the EU. But Iran rejected this kind of offer and its Iranian nuclear officials in fact considers this as very insulting and this is also very humiliating.

Both the US and EU made their move to have the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in referring Iran to the United Nations Security Council on any possible sanctions.

In September 2009, Iran then informed IAEA on its second uranium enrichment facility, which is under construction that’s near the city of Qom. Britain, US and France also issued a joint statement that argues that the disclosure of its recet secret facility is growing a concern regarding the nuclear program of Iran. But, Iran claimed that it was not required to inform IAEA about their new facilities until six months before Iran’s nuclear fuel is introduced. The IAEA also states that the delay of Iran submitting the information towards the agency does not contribute towards the building of confidence.

After on the revelation, Iran likewise attended on the negotiations on its representatives from the permanent members of the UNSC as well as the IAEA. After the talks, IAEA then provided Iran with draft deals which will see Iran to ship most of the low-enriched uranium to Russia for its further enrichment with the fuel and then returned again to Iran on the use of medical research as well as cancer treatment. Iran also had proposed changes on the draft agreement, which was then rejected by the P5+1 and the deal ended up to nowhere.